Are genetic testing and genetic counseling available?

Some forms of dystonia are definitely inherited. Whether an individual will pass on dystonia to their offspring is a difficult question to answer, because there are so many different forms of dystonia. Some forms are not inherited. Presently over ten inheritable forms of dystonia have been identified. These are the result of a genetic abnormality. Your movement disorders specialist may recommend specific genetic testing for your type of dystonia. Whenever genetic testing is ordered, genetic counseling is recommended. Most movement disorder centers will be able to refer you to a genetic counselor to discuss the specific test.